Medicinal Herbs and Spices

Thai Health and Well being

Many herbs and spices used in Thai Cuisine have beneficial medicinal properties

 

chilli

A range of chillis

Chilli (Phrik)

An erect, branched, shrub-like herb with fruits used as garnishing and flavoring. There are many different species. All contain capsaicin, a biologically active ingredient beneficial to the respiratory system, blood pressure and heart. Other therapeutic uses include being a stomachic, carminative and antiflatulence agent, and digestant.

 

Cumin (Yi-Ra)

A snall shrubbery herb, the fruit of which contains an oil with a pungent odour, and which is used as a flavouring and condiment. Cunin’s therapeutic properties include acting as a stomachic, bitter tonic, carminative, stimulant and astringent.

Cumin

Cumin before ground

 

 

Garlic in Pestle and Mortar before crushing

Garlic in Pestle and Mortar before crushing

Garlic (Kra-Thiam)

An Annual herbaceous plant with underground bulbs comprising several cloves. Dried mature bulbs are used as a flavouring and condiment. Therapeutic uses are as an antimicrobial, diaphoretic, diuretic, expectorant, and antiflatulence and cholesterol lowering agent.

 

Ginger (Khing)

grated-ginger

Sliced and Grated Ginger

Anerect plant with thickened, fleshy and aromatic rhizomes. Used in different forms as a food, flavouring and spice. Ginger’s therapeutic uses are as a carminative, antinauseant  and antiflatulence agent.

 

 

 

Galanga (Kha)

20130313-galanga-gyoker3

Galanga in its raw form

Greater Galanga is an erect annual plant with aromatic, ginger-like rhizomes, and commonly used in Thai cooking as a flavouring. The oil content has therapeutic uses as a carminative, stomachic, antirheumatic and antimicrobial agent.

 

Hoary Basil (maeng lak)

hoary-basil

Hoary Basil, different from the UK’s native basil

An annual herbaceous plant with slightly hairy and pale green leaves, eaten either raw or used as a flavouring. Therapeutic benefits include the alleviation of cough symptoms, and as a diaphoretic and carminative agent.